Indian Civilization and Culture By M.K. Gandhi

“Indian Civilization and Culture” is a well-known essay by M.K. Gandhi, Gandhiji is the father of the Indian Nation. He is more a spiritual leader than a politician. He has written numberless articles for new India. The speeches that he delivered on the different occasions, reveal him not only as an original thinker but also as a great master of chaste, idiomatic English. In the present essay Gandhiji has thrown light on some of the important features of Indian civilization and culture.

In the given essay the author says that Indian culture has its own dep root, and so, it cannot be beaten in the world. Almost all the civilization and cultures of the world came and went. But India is still, somehow or the other, sound at the foundation. India remained immemorable and that is her glory. Really we Indians have been tested and found true on the anvil of experience.

According to Mahatma Gandhi, civilization stands for good conduct. So far as Indian civilization is concerned, it is totally perfect, and so, we Indians always love good conduct. We are also well acquainted with the fact that the more we get, the more we desire. The more we indulge in our passions, the more unbridled they become. That is why, our forefathers set a limit to our indulgence, and found that happiness was largely a mental condition. In our daily life we come across the rich who are not happy and poor, on the other hand are quite happy. Having observed all this, our forefathers dissuaded us from luxuries and pleasures.

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The Indians have got no system of life-corroding competition. We have managed with the same kind of plough as existed thousands of years ago. We have retained the same kind of cottages that we had in past. Similarly our indigenous education remains the same as before. The main principle of Indian civilization is that the kings and their swords are inferior to the swords of ethics. A nation with a constitution like this is more capable of teaching others than of learning from others. Gandhiji has great admiration for Indian culture, for it does not have any faith in courts. lawyers and doctors for the betterment of the people.

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Gandhiji has contempt not only for the west but also for the western civilization, because the people living there could not attain the goal of perfection. But all the people of the Indian civilization on the other hand, have attained perfection. The tendency of the Indian civilization is to elevate the moral being, on the contrary, the western civilization tries to propagate immorality.

At last the author has expressed his views against modern civilization as it lays emphasis on the indefinite multiplicity of human wants. We see that modern inventions are too maddening to resist. Therefore, Gandhiji makes it clear that “A man must arrange his physical and cultural circumstances so that they do not hinder him in his service of humanity on which all his energies should be concentrated.” To conclude, the writer has pointed out some of the significant traits of Indian civilization and culture, its style is very fine. The words used in this essay are so simple that we can understand this essay very easily.

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